Timo Schmitz: “Azawad and the Touareg rebellions – A long walk for independence” (2017) [PDF]

Northern Mali and Niger belong to the areas with most natural wealth in the world, but at the same time has one of the poorest citizens. The tragedy goes back to colonialism when borders were artificially drawn. Soon after Mali’s independence, the Touareg sought to get their own state, or at least, autonomy. But instead, they were massacred in 1963. In 2012, they managed to get independent for the first time, but soon after, a foreign mission started in Northern Mali in pretense of fighting terrorism. Indeed, there are a few terrorists, but most people do not cooperate with them. All what the Touareg want is to live in peace and safety – something that Mali does not ensure!

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