Though the religious motivation of the Red Banner movements is never mentioned formally in DPRK media, the religious symbolism is often brought up however. The reason why there is no explicit mentioning is the fact that the higher classes are rather atheist or agnostic, while lower educated classes are more susceptible for religious beliefs and to ensure that people do not develop beliefs against the government, myths are spreaded and pilgrimage sites opened where people can venerate the Kims as heavenly leader. The article below shows how these reeligious symbols however appear in DPRK media and how they are presented. In addition, also pre-red banner lyrics that play a large role in red banner movements are analysed like the songs “Bright Star” (1966) and “The Star of Korea” (1928/ 1980).
In this paper, I summarized and quoted the research on indigenious religions which I published till July 2017 as a kind of lexicon to make it easier and save time to look up the published material.
(Including religions from Circassia, Ossetia, Georgia, Russia, Vietnam, Korea, China, Mongolia, Laos, and the USA)
The Red Banner philosophy was publicly introduced in 1996, but soon perished out of public media as the Songun philosophy was introduced in 1998 as state reason of the DPRK, replacing Juche philosophy. However, a religious movement arised out of the Red Banner Philosophy combining Korean shamanism and Confucianism with honor and loyalty towards the DPRK, and people gathered in political places of worship, such as obelisks, statues, community spots. After the death of Kim Jong-il, the situation in North Korea worsened very much and a strong dissatisfaction towards the so-called “Great Marshall” appears which also struggles the religious movement whose basis in fact is political efficiency, which is defunct now.
Georgian mythology is not yet researched very much in English-language scientific literature, and thus this paper tries to point out the major themes, social contexts, and ways of spreading folklore in a Caucasian context by making comparisions to the folk belief of the Abkhaz, Ossetians, Circassians, and Chechens.
In this paper, I try to subsume secondary ethics out of primary ethics which are based on the natural law and the nature of man. At the same time, I emphasize on the brotherhood of all religions and point out the relation beetween man and God.
The following poem is for my Muslim friends in support for their feast on Ramadan.
Автор: Тимо Шмитц
Ты самый высокий дар от бога,
мы забываем простота так много,
но раз в год ты просишь нас
вернутся к тому пути, которому ты научил нас,
мы так Благодарный твоему дару,
и что мы можем делать добро для вас,
в мире есть твой Божественный план,
и каждый год, люди празднуют Рамадан!
30 мая 2017 г.
By Timo Schmitz
You are the highest gift of God,
We forget simplicity just too often,
But once in a year you ask us,
To return to the way which you taught to us,
We are so thankful for your gift,
And that we can do good for You!
The world consists of a divine plan,
And every year, people celebrate Ramadan!
30 May 2017
In 2014, Ana Lily Amirpour’s “A Girl Walks Home Alone At Night” stormed the cinemas, chaining the viewer to a multi-dimensional plot, filled with breath-taking images and music. This article shows, why the title already gives an overview about important key elements of the movie.
During history, several forms of religion evolved. From animistic beliefs to shamanism to canonical religions. All these forms of religion are to be seen equal, though their evolutional stage shows that their has been a development from one stage to another. This paper shows a few characteristics on how to classify them and shows examples.
In traditional religions, the universe was always described as a living being that encompasses everything. Newtonian Physics however introduced new categories and led to a world-centered undynamic view of the universe, which has an impact on scientifical questions until today. However, this paper does not intend to describe or explain physics, but to build a bridge between science and religion. How did our ancestors see the relation of the cosmos to our world, and what can we learn from them? Even further, this paper intends to show that the idea of God relies on a dynamic living universe, as even in a universe in which everything has a divine plan but no dynmaic, God could have no space to exist.