Frege treated sentences like mathematics and suggested functional logic. Even further, he divided sentences into values and complex expressions. The complex expression contains an argument and the amount of all values that can be attributed to the argument leading to a true sentence is a class. In this paper, I want to explain Frege’s idea and explain what he means exatly when he refers a value to an argument.
In chapter 4, Aristotle again talks about the Physikoi, this time about Anaxagoras and shows why his thesis cannot be correct according to his point of view. It is also in this chapter that Aristotle for the first time states which part of the many (the limited or unlimited) he prefers.
In the first chapter of Aristotle’s Physics, he suggests the deductive method to find the first cause, which seemingly is an inductive term. This leads to the question why Ariostotle uses an inductive term when he suggests us to do deduction reasoning. The contradiction which seemingly appears is no contradiction at all, however.
In this paper, I want to give a very quick introduction in my philosphy – the New Constructivist Communism, which was publisehd in my series “Individualism between Moral and Virtues, Government and Religion” from 2015 to 2016. In addition, several new ideas and minor corrections were proposed in 2017.
In Chapter 3, Aristotle tries to show why the argument of a unity in continuity, unity in identity and unity in indivisibility cannot be uphold and therefore, a oneness is ruled out. Actually, he already ruled out the option of a oneness in Chapter 2, but in Chapter 3 he strengthens his arguments through a logical discourse on the three unities. It turns out, that there is at least always a “twoness” and thus ‘a many’.
In Chapter 2 of Book 1 on the Physics, Aristotle rises the question whether the first cause is one principle or goes back to many principles. As a result, he wants to show why it cannot be one principle and therefore has to be more than principle.
Chapter One of Book One of Aristotle’s Physics arises the concern of the first cause or first element. He introduces the method to find it and the demand on scientific philosophy.
Nations traditionally tend to expand and building empires is seen as might. However, this concept is condemned to fail and instead, we have to go back to the people on the ground. In 2015, I proclaimed the New Constructivist Communism and its three levels. In this article, I want to show why the New Constructivist Communism is a true alternative and how it affects the class struggle.
In this paper, I summarize the key points of the first two dialogues of Plato’s Gorgias and why rhetorics is rather bad for the soul and does not heal it.
Cognitivists claim a normative ethics which can be recognised by human-beings. However, cognitivism cannot work due to the subjective moral construction of each individual and there is no reasonable explanation why people should be able to draw the same moral conclusions objectively in themselves. As a result, cognitivist normative ethics can never work properly!