What is African philosophy and what are the main streams of contemporary African philosophy? Although Africa has a very long and rich philosophical tradition, a modern philosophical approach focussing on Africa only started in the 20th century. However, it soon emancipated itself and also tried to go back to its pre-colonial roots on the one side, but doesn’t deny Western methodology on the other side. As a result, students of philosophy in Africa have an important advantage which students in the West don’t have. DOWNLOAD THE ARTICLE BELOW AND READ MORE!
Northern Mali and Niger belong to the areas with most natural wealth in the world, but at the same time has one of the poorest citizens. The tragedy goes back to colonialism when borders were artificially drawn. Soon after Mali’s independence, the Touareg sought to get their own state, or at least, autonomy. But instead, they were massacred in 1963. In 2012, they managed to get independent for the first time, but soon after, a foreign mission started in Northern Mali in pretense of fighting terrorism. Indeed, there are a few terrorists, but most people do not cooperate with them. All what the Touareg want is to live in peace and safety – something that Mali does not ensure!
In chapter 4, Aristotle again talks about the Physikoi, this time about Anaxagoras and shows why his thesis cannot be correct according to his point of view. It is also in this chapter that Aristotle for the first time states which part of the many (the limited or unlimited) he prefers.
작가: Timo Schmitz (선남봉)
2017년8월 17 일
자유 – 나는 너를 수색한다,
서울은 한길을 나는 따라 걷는다.
평양에 대덩강 울고있다,
북남은 벽이 앞길을 막혔다.
래일은 빛이 비치흐르 않는다.
자유 – 너를 사랑하다,
억압을 삼키지 않을 것이다!
作家: Timo Schmitz (孙南峰)
2017年8月 17 日
自由 – 나는 너를 搜索한다,
서울은 한길을 나는 따라 걷는다.
平壤에 大同江 울고있다,
北南은 壁이 앞길을 막혔다.
來日은 色이 비치흐르 않는다.
自由 – 너를 사랑하다,
北南에 勞動者들은 –
抑壓을 삼키지 않을 것이다!
By Timo Schmitz, 17 August 2017
Freedom – I search you,
Walking through Seoul’s one way-roads,
Pyongyang’s Taedong River cries,
Borders north and south block our future,
Tomorrows light can not shine and flow,
Freedom – I love you,
The workers in North and South
Won’t swallow oppression!
In India, the Naxalite movement, which is very active in Eastern and Northeastern India is fighting a civil war against the government forces. The Indian government banned the Naxalite forces and labels them as terrorists. This paper tries to show what motivates the people to join the war and why they received a large support in the last decade, when they reached 14 Indian states. In the end, I analyze why the movement decreased heavily in the last years and whether the Naxalite goals are a solution for India at all.
Nations traditionally tend to expand and building empires is seen as might. However, this concept is condemned to fail and instead, we have to go back to the people on the ground. In 2015, I proclaimed the New Constructivist Communism and its three levels. In this article, I want to show why the New Constructivist Communism is a true alternative and how it affects the class struggle.
Though the religious motivation of the Red Banner movements is never mentioned formally in DPRK media, the religious symbolism is often brought up however. The reason why there is no explicit mentioning is the fact that the higher classes are rather atheist or agnostic, while lower educated classes are more susceptible for religious beliefs and to ensure that people do not develop beliefs against the government, myths are spreaded and pilgrimage sites opened where people can venerate the Kims as heavenly leader. The article below shows how these reeligious symbols however appear in DPRK media and how they are presented. In addition, also pre-red banner lyrics that play a large role in red banner movements are analysed like the songs “Bright Star” (1966) and “The Star of Korea” (1928/ 1980).
In this paper, I summarized and quoted the research on indigenious religions which I published till July 2017 as a kind of lexicon to make it easier and save time to look up the published material.
(Including religions from Circassia, Ossetia, Georgia, Russia, Vietnam, Korea, China, Mongolia, Laos, and the USA)
Georgian mythology is not yet researched very much in English-language scientific literature, and thus this paper tries to point out the major themes, social contexts, and ways of spreading folklore in a Caucasian context by making comparisions to the folk belief of the Abkhaz, Ossetians, Circassians, and Chechens.
From Plato to Plotin, the main question of philosophy was the question on how to live a successful life. Not just the question of who created us was of major importance, but also the question where life will lead us. What will happen after life? How can we reflect the achievings of our life? Though every branch of Ancient Greek philosophy had its own methodology, the τέλος was the same: εὐδαιμονία!