Plato’s absence in the Phaedo

When Echecrates asked Phaedo who was present in the last hours of Socrates’ life, listening to his final words, Phaedo gives the following account: Phaedo: Of native Athenians there was this Apollodorus, and Critobulus and his father, and Hermogenes and Epiganes and Aeschines and Antisthenes; and Ctesippus the Paeanian was there too, and Menexenus andContinue reading “Plato’s absence in the Phaedo”

The indictment against Socrates

We have different sources, giving an account on Socrates’ trial. Of course, Plato’s Apology is not a historical document, but a philosophical one. It does not want to give a one hundred percent historical accuracy, but tries to explain the case of Socrates and his philosophical standards. He even goes further and spins a tetralogyContinue reading “The indictment against Socrates”

Socrates’ exalted spirit

Socrates: “Well, gentlemen, those who instructed the witnesses that they must bear false witness against me, perjuring themselves to do so, and those who were won over to do this must feel in their hearts a guilty consciousness of great impiety and iniquity; but as for me, why should my spirit be any less exaltedContinue reading “Socrates’ exalted spirit”

Socrates: Serving the community

“Part of the fascination of Plato’s Apology consists in the fact that it presents a man who takes extraordinary steps throughout his life to be of the greatest possible value to his community but whose efforts, far from earning him the gratitude and honour he thinks he deserves, lead to his condemnation and death atContinue reading “Socrates: Serving the community”

Which opinions should we take into consideration?

“Socrates: But, my dear Crito, why do we care so much for what most people think? For the most reasonable men, whose opinion is more worth considering, will think that things were done as they really will be done. […] By taking up first what you say about opinions and asking whether we were rightContinue reading “Which opinions should we take into consideration?”

Don’t give in for the people who are jealous of you!

“Euthyphro: […] they are jealous of all such men as you and I are. However, we must not be disturbed, but must come to close quarters with them.” Plato: Euthyphro, 3c. Translated by Harold North Fowler. Plato in Twelve Volumes, Vol. 1. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann Ltd., 1966. Many people tryContinue reading “Don’t give in for the people who are jealous of you!”

Bilim hakda Aristotel

Awtory: Timo Schmitz Asyl ady: Aristotelis: Eòlais agus saidheans [2021-nji ýylyň 13-nji marty] “Metafizika” (980 a-b)-da Aristotel bilimiň gelip çykyşyny düşündirýär. Ynsan, daşky gurşawda bolup geçen zatlary duýgy duýgulary bilen ýatlap bilýär. Biziň ýadymyz bar! Her bir adam töwereginde bolup geçen zatlary halas edýär we netijede empirik bilimlere eýe bolýar. Empirik bilim diýmek: Ilki bilenContinue reading “Bilim hakda Aristotel”

Platon: Ideýa

Awtory: Timo Schmitz Asyl ady: Beachd agus ceartas a rèir Platon [2021-nji ýylyň 12-nji marty] Platonyň “Döwletinde” Hudaýy Gowy diýip atlandyrýar. Sebäbi Hudaý gowy we diňe gowular üçin jogapkärdir. Biziň dünýämiz “gowularyň” aýanlygydyr. Dünýämiz diňe bir ýüze çykma bolansoň, tebigatyň özi görünmeýär. Diňe “ideýlariň” hakyky zat. Dünýämizdäki zatlar ideýanyň diňe bir bölegini paýlaşýar, bu zadyňContinue reading “Platon: Ideýa”

Платоник сөйләмдә Ходай һәм җан

Авторы Тимо Шмитц. Оригиналь исеме: Бог и душа в платоническом дискурсе [2 гыйнвар 2022] Платон Ходайыны “Яхшы” дип атады. Плотин өчен “Яхшы” “Бер” иде. Шулай итеп, Плотоник Ходай Платоник Ходайга караганда абстракт. Дәүләтнең икенче китабында Платон Ходай яхшы икәнен ачык итеп күрсәтә.1 Ходай яхшы булганга, ул бары тик яхшылык эшли ала. Явызлык Ходайдан түгел, шуңа күрәContinue reading “Платоник сөйләмдә Ходай һәм җан”

Платондық дискурстағы Құдай және жан

Авторы: Тимо Шмитц. Түпнұсқа атауы: «Бог и душа в платоническом дискурсе» [2 қаңтар 2022 жыл] Платон Құдайды «Жақсы» деп атады. Плотин үшін «Жақсы» «Бір» болды. Осылайша, Плотиндік Құдай Платондық Құдайға қарағанда абстрактілі. «Мемлекеттің» екінші кітабында Платон Құдайдың жақсы екенін анық көрсетеді.1 Ал Құдай жақсы болғандықтан, ол тек жақсылық жасай алады. Жамандық Құдайдан емес, сондықтан оған ҚұдайдыContinue reading “Платондық дискурстағы Құдай және жан”