Timo Schmitz: “A very short introduction into African Philosophy and their main streams” (2017) [PDF]

What is African philosophy and what are the main streams of contemporary African philosophy? Although Africa has a very long and rich philosophical tradition, a modern philosophical approach focussing on Africa only started in the 20th century. However, it soon emancipated itself and also tried to go back to its pre-colonial roots on the one side, but doesn’t deny Western methodology on the other side. As a result, students of philosophy in Africa have an important advantage which students in the West don’t have. DOWNLOAD THE ARTICLE BELOW AND READ MORE!

DOWNLOAD HERE: A very short introduction into African Philosophy and their main streams


[Poem] Timo Schmitz: “Één mensheid” (One mankind) – Flemish with English translation – 3 September 2017

Één mensheid
Van Timo Schmitz

Ik wil zien het morgenrood,
voor de dood van de hoop,
ik wil weten wat geluk is,
als dromen zijn waar gewis?
’k wil dansen in de zoneschijn,
het universum is groot en ik ben klein.

Ik wil zien het morgenrood,
miljoenen mensen lijden aan nood,
we hebben maar één planeet,
te veel wensen vör een komeet,
nie meer ruimte vör zoeveel chagrijn,
het universum is groot, maar de wereld is klein.


One mankind
By Timo Schmitz

I want to see the morning’s dawn,
Before the hope dies,
I want to know what luck is,
Whether dreams are really true?
I want to dance in the sunshine,
The universe is big, but I am small.

I want to see the morning’s dawn,
Millions of people are suffering,
We have only one planet,
Too many wishes for a comet,
No more room for so much grief,
The universe is big, but the world is small.

3 September 2017

Timo Schmitz: “General terms and existence” (2017) [PDF]

According to Russell and Frege, when we talk of a singular term, we already presume its existence – or possible existence – as otherwise we would not talk of the term as such, and therefore as we already stated its existence, we cannot regard existence as another individual propery initiated to it. Meinong however comes to the point that not everything we express in language and what we state what is, must really exist.

Though we might presume the existence of a singular entity, how can we justify the classification to a general term? How do we know that the general classification is really existent and that the singular term is part of it? Even though this paper cannot give a full answer of it, it tries to ungable the knot of the difficult term existence and follows Rosefeldt’s suggestion, which then helps us to classify singular terms with their respective general terms.

DOWNLOAD HERE: General terms and existence (2017)

Timo Schmitz: “Singular terms and their identity” (2017) [PDF]

To understand the function of class logic, it is important to take a further look on singular terms, especially their identity. What makes an object an object as such, so how can it be identified? Thus, how can an object be differentiated between another object? In a wider sense, things can have a qualitative identity, but what is really interesting for a logician is the numerical identity which helps us to identify whether object A and B are the same objects or not. Both, qualitative identity and numerical identity have a lot of practical implications and understanding the idea of identity on a single term can help in a lot of daily situations.


DOWNLOAD HERE – Singular terms and their identity

Timo Schmitz: “Azawad and the Touareg rebellions – A long walk for independence” (2017) [PDF]

Northern Mali and Niger belong to the areas with most natural wealth in the world, but at the same time has one of the poorest citizens. The tragedy goes back to colonialism when borders were artificially drawn. Soon after Mali’s independence, the Touareg sought to get their own state, or at least, autonomy. But instead, they were massacred in 1963. In 2012, they managed to get independent for the first time, but soon after, a foreign mission started in Northern Mali in pretense of fighting terrorism. Indeed, there are a few terrorists, but most people do not cooperate with them. All what the Touareg want is to live in peace and safety – something that Mali does not ensure!

DOWNLOAD HERE: Azawad and the Touareg rebellions – A long walk for independence

Timo Schmitz: “Class Logic and Truth-functional sentences” (2017) [PDF]

Frege treated sentences like mathematics and suggested functional logic. Even further, he divided sentences into values and complex expressions. The complex expression contains an argument and the amount of all values that can be attributed to the argument leading to a true sentence is a class. In this paper, I want to explain Frege’s idea and explain what he means exatly when he refers a value to an argument.

DOWNLOAD HERE: Class Logic and Truth-functional sentences

Timo Schmitz: “Summary of Chapter Four of Aristotle’s First Book on Physics” (2017) [PDF]

In chapter 4, Aristotle again talks about the Physikoi, this time about Anaxagoras and shows why his thesis cannot be correct according to his point of view. It is also in this chapter that Aristotle for the first time states which part of the many (the limited or unlimited) he prefers.


DOWNLOAD HERE: Summary of Chapter Four of Aristotle’s First Book on Physics