Timo Schmitz: “Class Logic and Truth-functional sentences” (2017) [PDF]

Frege treated sentences like mathematics and suggested functional logic. Even further, he divided sentences into values and complex expressions. The complex expression contains an argument and the amount of all values that can be attributed to the argument leading to a true sentence is a class. In this paper, I want to explain Frege’s idea and explain what he means exatly when he refers a value to an argument.

DOWNLOAD HERE: Class Logic and Truth-functional sentences

Timo Schmitz: “Summary of Chapter Four of Aristotle’s First Book on Physics” (2017) [PDF]

In chapter 4, Aristotle again talks about the Physikoi, this time about Anaxagoras and shows why his thesis cannot be correct according to his point of view. It is also in this chapter that Aristotle for the first time states which part of the many (the limited or unlimited) he prefers.

 

DOWNLOAD HERE: Summary of Chapter Four of Aristotle’s First Book on Physics

[詩]선남봉: “정의” / [Poem] Timo Schmitz: “Justice” (Korean in Hangul and Hanja and English translation)

정의
작가: Timo Schmitz (선남봉)
2017년8월 17 일

자유 – 나는 너를 수색한다,
서울은 한길을 나는 따라 걷는다.
평양에 대덩강 울고있다,
북남은 벽이 앞길을 막혔다.
래일은 빛이 비치흐르 않는다.
자유 – 너를 사랑하다,
북남에 로동자들은–
억압을 삼키지 않을 것이다!

正義
作家: Timo Schmitz (孙南峰)
2017年8月 17 日

自由 – 나는 너를 搜索한다,
서울은 한길을 나는 따라 걷는다.
平壤에 大同江 울고있다,
北南은 壁이 앞길을 막혔다.
來日은 色이 비치흐르 않는다.
自由 – 너를 사랑하다,
北南에 勞動者들은 –
抑壓을 삼키지 않을 것이다!

Justice
By Timo Schmitz, 17 August 2017

Freedom – I search you,
Walking through Seoul’s one way-roads,
Pyongyang’s Taedong River cries,
Borders north and south block our future,
Tomorrows light can not shine and flow,
Freedom – I love you,
The workers in North and South
Won’t swallow oppression!

Timo Schmitz: “Who are the supporters of the Naxalites in India? – A social critique or a terrorist threat?” (2017) [PDF]

In India, the Naxalite movement, which is very active in Eastern and Northeastern India is fighting a civil war against the government forces. The Indian government banned the Naxalite forces and labels them as terrorists. This paper tries to show what motivates the people to join the war and why they received a large support in the last decade, when they reached 14 Indian states. In the end, I analyze why the movement decreased heavily in the last years and whether the Naxalite goals are a solution for India at all.

DOWNLOAD HERE: “Who are the supporters of the Naxalites in India? – A social critique or a terrorist threat?”

Timo Schmitz: “The Induction-Deduction Problem in the First Chapter of the First Book of Aristotle’s Physics” (2017) [PDF]

In the first chapter of Aristotle’s Physics, he suggests the deductive method to find the first cause, which seemingly is an inductive term. This leads to the question why Ariostotle uses an inductive term when he suggests us to do deduction reasoning. The contradiction which seemingly appears is no contradiction at all, however.

DOWNLOAD HERE: “The Induction-Deduction Problem in the First Chapter of the First Book of Aristotle’s Physics”

Timo Schmitz: “A short summary of my own philosophy: the New Constructivist Communism” (2017) [PDF]

In this paper, I want to give a very quick introduction in my philosphy – the New Constructivist Communism, which was publisehd in my series “Individualism between Moral and Virtues, Government and Religion” from 2015 to 2016. In addition, several new ideas and minor corrections were proposed in 2017.

A short summary of the New Constructivist Communism

Timo Schmitz: “Summary of Chapter Three of Aristotle’s First Book on Physics” (2017) [PDF]

In Chapter 3, Aristotle tries to show why the argument of a unity in continuity, unity in identity and unity in indivisibility cannot be uphold and therefore, a oneness is ruled out. Actually, he already ruled out the option of a oneness in Chapter 2, but in Chapter 3 he strengthens his arguments through a logical discourse on the three unities. It turns out, that there is at least always a “twoness” and thus ‘a many’.

DOWNLOAD HERE: Summary of Chapter Three of Aristotle’s First Book on Physics