Timo Schmitz: “The religious symbolism of the Red Banner movements in DPRK media” (2017) [PDF]

Though the religious motivation of the Red Banner movements is never mentioned formally in DPRK media, the religious symbolism is often brought up however. The reason why there is no explicit mentioning is the fact that the higher classes are rather atheist or agnostic, while lower educated classes are more susceptible for religious beliefs and to ensure that people do not develop beliefs against the government, myths are spreaded and pilgrimage sites opened where people can venerate the Kims as heavenly leader. The article below shows how these reeligious symbols however appear in DPRK media and how they are presented. In addition, also pre-red banner lyrics that play a large role in red banner movements are analysed like the songs “Bright Star” (1966) and “The Star of Korea” (1928/ 1980).

DOWNLOAD HERE: “The religious symbolism of the Red Banner movements in DPRK media”

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