Timo Schmitz: “An Overview of Tibetan History, Part 6: Tibet in Republican China, foreign occupation and liberation by the Chinese army in the 1950s” (2015) [PDF]

In 1912, the Chinese Qing dynasty collapsed. In the last years of the Qing dynasty, Tibet had to deal with two invasions conducted by the British who occupied the province for 2 years, until they offered China to rebuy the province. After Yuan Shikai’s death, Tibet as well as all other Chinese provinces had to struggle with the civil war-like conditions. The Dalai Lama was probably supported by Britain to try to segregate the area, while the Penchen Lama allied with China. After the communists won the civil war, Mao Zedong wanted to reintegrate the provinces in a central government, and since Tibet continously belonged to China, he reintegrated Tibet into China in 1950 granting local leaders autonomy. Read and download the article below for further information.

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An Overview of Tibetan History Part 6: Tibet in Republican China, foreign occupation and liberation by the Chinese army in the 1950s

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